Child Care History Network and Child Migrants Trust

Recordings from the Conference

During the 19th and 20th centuries, about 130,000 children were sent from the UK to Canada, Australia, New Zealand and Zimbabwe to give them a fresh start and to boost the population of developing nations. The last ones went as recently as 1970. Some did well, but many were exploited and deceived by those who should have safeguarded them. It is only in recent years that public apologies have led to serious attempts by the British and Australian governments to help those who were mistreated.


Merseyside Maritime Museum
Monday 15 October 2012

Discussion Group


Welcome and Introduction by CCHN Chair David Lane




Professor Roy Parker

Uprooted: The Shipment of Poor Children to Canada Child Migration - Cause and Effect

Margaret Humphreys CBE

Migration to Australia - the Real Oranges and Sunshine Story

Jim Hyland

The Role of Catholic Agencies - History, Present Day Practice and Lessons for the Future

David Hinchliffe

A Scheme in the Spotlight: the Parliamentary Inquiry into British Child Migration.

Discussion Panel

Child Migration 2012: Closing and Thanks







The Conference Co-Sponsors


Child Care History Network

The Child Care History Network was set up in 2008 as there was previously no organisation which linked people interested in the subject. Its membership includes child care workers, managers, academics, archivists, historians, librarians and, not least, people who experienced living in care or residential education as children. CCHN holds one or two conferences each year and has an interest in the preservation of archives and their availability, for example to researchers and those who are the subjects of the records. New members are welcome.


Child Migrants Trust

The Child Migrants Trust was founded in 1987 by its present Director, Margaret Humphreys, to raise awareness about the needs of Britain’s former Child Migrants and to develop services for them. The Trust has campaigned via the mass media for recognition, social justice and more adequate services for former Child Migrants. These campaigns led to Parliamentary inquiries in the UK and Australia followed by national public apologies delivered by their Prime Ministers and more comprehensive services. Well over 1000 families have been reunited as a direct result of the Trust’s vital work. The Trust’s early years were filmed in 2011 as Oranges and Sunshine with Emily Watson in the lead role.


Planned Environment Therapy Trust

The Planned Environment Therapy Trust (PETT) was established in 1966 to support therapeutic approaches to the treatment of children and adults who have suffered severe emotional and psychological hurts. Working alongside therapeutic schools and communities, past and present, we are a dynamic enterprise supporting our lively archive and oral history programmes with purpose built conference facilities and residential accommodation. We maintain an extensive and growing archive, research library and study centre, and through a programme of conferences and events, workshops and seminars, we aim to bring people together in a setting where experience, ideas and learning can be shared and better understood to make a difference to those children and adults who have and are suffering from traumatic and damaging experiences.


Care Leavers Association

The CLA is a user led charity run by care leavers for care leavers, the aim of which is to bring together the voices of care leavers of all ages so that we improve the current care system, improve the quality of life of care leavers throughout their life and change for the better society’s perception of people who have been in care.




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